Technical characteristics of the technology :
The drip system is an irrigation technique that brings the exact amount of water needed directly under the plants' feet, thus considerably reducing water loss through evaporation and use by weeds.
In this way the water reaches the plants gently and sequentially. It can be pressurized (water leaving the pumps directly to go into the drip lines) or low pressure (water stored in a tank placed at least 1.5 m from the ground and which descends by gravity to go into the drip lines or pipes).
Economic characteristics of the technology
- Acquisition cost :
- Economic profitability :
- Comparative advantage :
- Very water-saving (more than 95% of the irrigation water reaches the plant).
- Does not favour the development of weeds (because these weeds are not watered), thus reducing the number of weeding operations on the plot.
- The plants are not attacked by diseases transmitted by fungi (because the water does not touch the leaves).
- This type of watering is not influenced by the wind.
- Saves considerably the energy source used to pump the water (because the system is gravitational).
- Allows fertigation (watering the plants and providing fertilisers at the same time), which consists of incorporating the fertilisers into the watering water.
- Beneficiary: The main beneficiaries of the system are market gardeners, seed producers and food producers.
Limits of the technology :